A City within a City: The Black Freedom Struggle in Grand by Todd E Robinson

By Todd E Robinson

A urban inside of a City examines the civil rights move within the North by way of focusing on the struggles for equality in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Historian Todd Robinson experiences the problems surrounding university integration and bureaucratic reforms in addition to the position of black adolescence activism to element the variety of black resistance. He specializes in respectability in the African American group as a fashion of figuring out how the circulation used to be shaped and held jointly. And he elucidates the oppositional position of northern conservatives relating to racial progress.


A urban inside of a City cogently argues that the post-war political reform championed via neighborhood Republicans reworked the city's racial geography, making a racialized "city inside a city," that includes a method of "managerial racism" designed to maintain blacks in declining inner-city parts. As Robinson shows, this daring, provocative framework for figuring out race relatives in Grand Rapids has broader implications for illuminating the twentieth-century African American city adventure in secondary cities.

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